Pilonidal cysts are pockets of skin near the tailbone, around the buttocks. These pockets usually contain hair and dead skin and other debris, and can become infected. One of the causes of infection is ingrown hair, when a strand of hair curls in and grows into the skin, it can cause an infection to start. Other reasons include trauma to that area and occupations which involve sitting for long periods of time.
Pain, swelling and redness in the area around tailbone may indicate a pilonidal cyst infection. If the cyst becomes too inflamed and/or is filled with pus, help from a medical professional might be needed to drain the cyst, and still there is a chance for the infection to reoccur. However, in its early stages the infection or re-infection can be controlled with the help of a few simple remedies. Here are some effective ways of pilonidal cyst home treatment.
Maintain proper hygiene
Infection of the pilonidal cyst is usually triggered by the grime that keeps depositing in the fold of the skin. A good hygiene will decrease the chances of contracting an infection. Wash the area regularly with soap and water while showering, and pat dry before wearing clothes. Make sure to use mild products as any harsh chemical will irritate the skin and aggravate the symptoms.
Prevent ingrown hair
Since ingrown hair is the most common reason for a pilonidal abscess, keeping the area free of hair might help to prevent an infection. You can also ask your dermatologist to recommend a product which minimizes ingrown hair and is mild enough.
Essential oils such as tea tree oil are effective as antimicrobials and can be used to prevent or contain the infection of the cyst. Other oils such as jojoba and peppermint oil can help moisturize and soothe the skin. Essential oils usually come in concentrated forms and should never be applied directly on the skin, use neutral oils or water to dilute the essential oil and test it on the back of your hand before applying to the irritated region.
Applying hot compress to the inflamed region will provide some relief from the pain and inflammation. Sitting in a tub of warm water can also help with inflammation and decrease the chances of an abscess in the early stages of infection. You can also add Epsom salt or essential oils in your bath water.
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